Course in Crisis Management Methods
7/2/2013
Course in Crisis Management Methods

 ***methods of resolving and dealing with crises***


There are two types of methods of resolving crises known first rolling, and is termed by the traditional methods, and the second is still in most, under experimentation and termed by non-traditional means traditional ways:
 
 First: 1- denial of the crisis: Where is the media blackout on the crisis and the denial of their occurrence, and show firmness and conditions in the best possible way, to destroy the crisis and control. This method is used most often in the dictatorial regimes, which refuses to recognize the existence of any defect in administrative entity.


2. Suppression of the crisis: it means to delay the emergence of the crisis, which is a sort of direct dealing with the crisis with a view to destroying
 3- extinguish the crisis: a method very violence based on public clash with strong violent crisis trend regardless of the feelings and values.
 4- Undervaluing the crisis: Any underestimate the crisis (from their impact and consequences). Here is the recognition of the existence of the crisis, but as a crisis is important.
 5-bleed the crisis: called the way of bleeding the volcano, where the Director resort to vent pressures inside the volcano to alleviate the state of rage and anger and prevent the explosion.
6- the unloading of the crisis: According to this method is to find alternate paths, multi-before the momentum generated airflow for main and subsidiary the crisis to be converted into several routes and alternative accommodate effort and reduce the danger. The drain on three stages: *** The. The stage of the clash: or the stage violent confrontation with the forces driving the crisis to know the extent of the strength of the crisis and the extent of the coherence of the forces that created them. b. the stage of the development of alternatives: here, the Director to develop a set of objectives for each direction or alternative Task Force emerged from the clash.

Non-traditional methods: Secondly: : a suitable ways of the spirit of the times and compatible with its principal variables and the most important of the following,
 1- way work teams: This is one of the most commonly used methods in the present time it requires the presence of more than one expert and specialist in different areas until the account of each factor and act required with each year. These roads, either to be temporary roads or the methods of work of the permanent Specialized cadres that are formed, and configuration to meet emergency crises and times.
2-way tactical reserve to deal with the crisis: Where Are the weaknesses and crises are a reserve preventive mobilizing can be used if a crisis. This method is used most often in industrial organizations in the event of a crisis in the lack of raw materials. Liquidity or a crisis in the lack of raw materials.
3-way democratic participation to deal with crises: a more effective way and is used when dealing with the crisis of individuals or people-centerd human element.This way means to reveal the seriousness of the crisis and how to deal with it between the subordinates are transparent and democratic.
4-way containment: Any besieging the crisis in a limited scale examples of crises, where labor is the use of dialog and understanding with the leaders of those crises. 
5-way escalation of the crisis: it is used when the crisis is unclear when there is a bloc at the stage of the crisis not dealt with the situation, the escalation of the crisis to disengage this bloc and reduce pressure the crisis.
6 method of unloading the crisis of its content: one of the most successful methods used where each crisis may be the content of the specific political, social or religious or cultural or economic or administrative and other, the task manager is blinding identity crisis and content and thus loss of strong pressure to the crisis.
7-way fragmentation of crises: it would be better if the crisis depends very dangerous this way to study all aspects of the crisis to see strong alliances problem the crisis and identify the conflicting interests of the potential benefits of the members of these alliances and then hit by a frightening and fabricated gains of these trends were inconsistent with the continuation of the alliances crisis. Thus turn into a major crisis to crisis small fragmented
8-way of self-destruction of the crisis and detonate it from the inside: This is one of the most difficult non-traditional methods to deal with the crisis, which is called the way (violent confrontation) or direct clash are often used in the case of non-availability of information and an ambush of their seriousness and used in the case of uncertainty in the absence of alternative is dealing with this crisis as follows: Hit the crisis strongly aspects of weak - to attract some elements of pan and push to the crisis - filter elements leading to the crisis - a new leaders more understanding
9. Method of Wafra imaginary psychological approach: it is used to cover the crisis, as in cases of loss of ration materials and take into account the decision-taker provide these materials to control the crisis temporarily

*** proposed Plan Crisis Management Zagazig University ***
* The goal of the plan: 1- upgrading the skills and capabilities of members of the teaching staff in the face of crises and disasters that may occur in the faculty. 2. Attention to complete the development of devices and equipment that are used in the face of crises and disasters various types. 

* considerations of the plan: 
1- national trends.
2. Guidance and demands of decision makers at the level of College / University) to maintain.
3. Various activities of the College and the nature of its work and the consequent possibilities.
4. Investment human cadres and devices and equipment.
5. Access to experiences in colleges by asking. 6. Coordination with other units of Crisis Management College and the University. 

* major axs of the plan:
 1- optimal use of devices and equipment.
 2. The transfer and exchange of expertise and experiences of successful face crises and disasters, whether natural or as a result of unforeseen circumstances. 
3-attention to the systems of the service modules in different sections. 4- to increase the efficiency of a unit to deal with crises and disasters, and to upgrading the cadres working in them.
 5. Continuous training on the work of various scenarios to face crises

* scenario of crisis management: models of the crises of university : 
1. * students sit-in
2. * students stormed the building of the College 
3. * student demonstration inside the campus 
4. * cancel degrees clemency
 5. * a fire inside one of the labs or offices 
6. * Rumors destroyed 
7. * down inside one of the lifts students or members of the teaching staff or workers
 8. * the collapse of a part of the premises of the College
9. * How to deal with hazardous chemicals, as well as biological material 10-cases of food poisoning at the college
 11-a decline in vast floor surfaces with college
 12-presence of wires without cover in places where the students and workers and members of having been teaching.
 13- * leak examination questions
 14- * theft worth mentioning headquarters

* stages of organizing and managing the crisis or disaster:
1-prompt reporting Crisis Management Unit at the University of event (fire - the collapse of the -Chemical pollution ..... etc. ) .
 2. Notification of the operations room. 
3 -- alert competent authorities such as: Police and ambulance 122 123 180 Civil Defense
 4- called Crisis Management Team specialist, according to the type of event.
 5. To ensure the event in coordination with the Department of traffic - Units of keeping security and combating terrorism - civil defense and fire - departments engineering ..... etc. ).
 6. The compilation and analysis with initial circulation of information specialists.
7. To inform the media in case of need for his presence in order to avoid the spread of rumors ( Local Radio-TV). 
8. not to underestimate or exaggeration of the event.
 9. Transfer of some of the members of the crew Crisis Management follow-up to the event and make some decisions in coordination with the management of crises
 10. Transition units (ambulances - Rescue teams - Vehicles mechanical transport vehicles - Industrial Security - Electricity - Water - sewage - Insurance Unit natural gas network ... ) to intervene in dealing with their respective event.
11. The compilation of information and informed Crisis Management Center at the University of Banha for analysis and assessment of the situation to make the appropriate decisions and communicating with actors, reporting higher level (the Council of Ministers). 
12. The elimination of the consequences of the event and the situation to what it was. 
13. out lessons learned and adjust scenarios developed by former.

* The rapid intervention salvation:
- Members of the crisis management of personnel trained to fight the fire with the College rapid intervention.
 - Civil defense and fire 
- Police
 - ambulance 
- local unit 
- the cleansing and waste 
-assistive devices 
- Engineering Department in the university 
- sanitation 
- natural gas
 - Electricity Water
 - phones 
- road traffic.
 
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